in Baliem Valley
This valley has been
the most visited part of the island, especially in recent years. The Dani Tribes
speak related Papuan, or non - Austronesian language and live in the high
central range of Papua Island, the most eastern province of Indonesia.
Until the last
decades the Dani tribes were some of the most isolated populations by swamps and
mountains. They grew root crops, raised pig and used polished stone axes and
adzes. They didn't make pottery (which means "sign of the modernity"), but
otherwise their technology was very much like that of the Neolithic of the Old
and New Worlds.
There may be 250,000
Dani living in the central mountains, many live scattered among the steep
mountain slopes. The Valley has one of the highest densities of population in
Papua Province. The Dani Tribes build their huts in a compound nicely express
both environmental adaptation and Dani's character. The men's and women's huts
have thick thatched roofs which keep rain, yet retain the heat from the earth,
along with just enough smoke to discourage the mosquito.
The temperatures of
the highland are ranged from 26 degrees Celsius at the day time and 12 degrees
The highlights of
sightseeing are Dani Market in WAMENA Town, WAUMA Village and, which can be
easily reach on foot or by car from Wamena.
Farther out are
AIKIMA, with its 250 years old mummy, SUROBA, JIWIKA and neighboring villages.
With 2 hours
climbing, you can see the salt spring where the Dani women make salt in
primitive way fashion for centuries.
Outer adventures are
southward to KURIMA area, where the Dani and Yali Tribes' way of life mixed into
a unique combination.