Indonesian Unique Animals
The Komodo dragon is the world
largest lizard, weighting in at about fifty kilograms and measuring almost three
meters long. A real throw back to the dinosaurs, the Komodo Dragon is the meat
eater usually found in open, arid coastal savannah areas, particularly on the
the islands of Komodo, Padar and Rinca in the East Nusa Tenggara. They move like
sprinters and their saliva is poisonous, so don’t get too friendly!
Komodo National Park
Orangutan is the one, the only and
the largest tree living mammal in the world. There are two sub species, one
inhabiting parts of the North Sumatra, which is Pongo abelii in Latin. The other
(Pongo pygmaeus) in Kalimnatan (including the Malaysian states of Sabah and
Sarawak). Orangutans are endangered due to poaching and habitat loss. Their
habitat have been reduced by more than 20 % in the last 20 years, and it is
estimated that we have lost about1/3 of the wild population in the last 4 years.
Orangutan rehabilitation in Tanjung Puting National
One of the world’s smallest primates,
the Tarsier grows to a whopping 20 cm (including tail) and is found all over the
island of Sulawesi. The tarsier’s bulbous and large eyes help them to feed at
night. Jumping from tree to tree, the tarsier can cover up to a kilometer every
night in search of insects to eat. Tarsiers, knowing the importance of “family
values”, from long- term monogamous mating pairs. Family unity is reinforced
through a duet song that is sung every evening site to hunt.
The protected yet endangered Javan
Rhino is 1,7 meter tall, 3 meters long and weighs more than two tons. With its
sharp sense of smell and running speed matching any man, the Javan Rhino
constantly evades people. Highly mobile, it can trek 20 km a day in the low land
and thick jungle. Its body shape and thick skin enable it to penetrate dense
bushes. Ujung Kulon National park is the last habitat of the species, in Latin
called Rhinoceros sondaicus. In 1992 the United Nations Educational, Scientific
and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared the nature reserve as a World
The distinguishing feature of the
Javan Hawk-eagle (spizaetus bartelsi) from other haws in the Accipitridae family
is its prominent crest. Because of its rarity and appearance, the species was
adopted as Indonesia’s national bird, and a symbol of threatened species. In
the Javan Hawk-eagle is protected by Indonesian law and classified as an
“Endangered” species according to the IUCN threat criteria The bird is endemic
to Java. The normal nesting habitat and territories frequented throughout the
year are the inaccessible, rugged, tropical lowland evergreen forests and lower
and upper rain forests.
Birds of Paradise
“They are wanderer fro Paradise”, the
people of Tidore evasively told the Portuguese sea captain, El Cano, in 1512,
when he enquired as to the source of the exquisite feathers they showed him.
New Guinea is synonymous with birds-of paradise. A few species extend to the
northern rainforest of Australia and two species occur on Halmahera in Maluku,
but the island of New Guinea supports 38 species, 30 of which may be encountered
in Irian Jaya. The Greater and Lesser Birds-of Paradise, with their long,
fluffy, golden flank plumes and group display, perhaps epitomize the popular
image of the species. The family is actually quite varied, which causing illegal
poaching in terms of economic income from the bird-of-paradise plumes.
There can be no doubt that as an
archipelago, Indonesia is fortunate to have six of the seven species marine
turtles. Almost all coastal areas in Indonesia are known to be visited or used
to be visited by marine turtles. Many remote beaches are frequently visited
by these magnificent creatures The rapid decrease of marine turtle
population in Indonesia has raised great concern at international level.
Therefore, conservation measures at all level by various stakeholders are
gradually intensifying. Ecotourism is one important option that would help the
long-term survival of marine turtle in Indonesia.