Geography of Bali

The island of Bali is part of the Republic of Indonesia , it has an area of only 5,632 square kilometers (2,175 square miles) and measures just 55 miles (90 kilometers) along the north-south axis and less than about 90 miles (140 kilometers) from East to West.  This  small island has a complex physical geography, creating three major areas : the mountains, the coastal lowlands and the limestone fingers.

This island is famous for its beautiful landscape dominated  by mountains,  with a cluster of volcanoes (a chain of six volcanoes, between 1,350 meters and 3,014 meters high, stretches from west to east).-  which one is the active Mount Agung and considered sacred.

Volcanoes have always been shaping the geology of Bali.  Mineral and chemical from the volcanoes have been made the land fertile.

Bali has a short, hot wet season and a longer, cooler dry season. You can expect pleasant day temperatures between 20 to 33 degrees Celsius  year-round. From November to March, is the wet season and  humidity is high, but usually days are sunny and the rains start during the night and pass quickly. From April to October is the dry season .

Terraced rice-fields dominate the landscape, with small streams bringing water for irrigation.  There are lush tropical forests, pristine crater lakes, fast flowing rivers and deep ravines, picturesque rice terraces, and fertile vegetable and fruit gardens. ON Bali's western, the coral reefs and clear waters around Menjangan Island provide fantastic scuba diving.

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